Item #4491 Historia Natvrae, Maxime Peregrinae, Libris XVI. Disctincta. In quibus rarissima Naturæ arcana, etiam astronomica, & ignota Indiarum animalia, quadrupedes, aues, pisces, retilia, insecta, zoophyta, plantæ, metalla, lapides, & alia mineralia, fluuiorumque & elementorum conditiones, etiam cum proprietatibus medicinialibus, describuntur; nouæ & curiosissimæ quæstiones disputantur, ac plura sacræ Scripturæ loca eruditè enodantur. Accedunt de miris & miraculosis Naturis in Europâ Libri duo: item de iisdem in Terrâ Hebræis promissâ Liber vnus. Johannes Eusebius NEW WORLD. NATURAL HISTORY. Nieremberg, S. J.
Historia Natvrae, Maxime Peregrinae, Libris XVI. Disctincta. In quibus rarissima Naturæ arcana, etiam astronomica, & ignota Indiarum animalia, quadrupedes, aues, pisces, retilia, insecta, zoophyta, plantæ, metalla, lapides, & alia mineralia, fluuiorumque & elementorum conditiones, etiam cum proprietatibus medicinialibus, describuntur; nouæ & curiosissimæ quæstiones disputantur, ac plura sacræ Scripturæ loca eruditè enodantur. Accedunt de miris & miraculosis Naturis in Europâ Libri duo: item de iisdem in Terrâ Hebræis promissâ Liber vnus.
Historia Natvrae, Maxime Peregrinae, Libris XVI. Disctincta. In quibus rarissima Naturæ arcana, etiam astronomica, & ignota Indiarum animalia, quadrupedes, aues, pisces, retilia, insecta, zoophyta, plantæ, metalla, lapides, & alia mineralia, fluuiorumque & elementorum conditiones, etiam cum proprietatibus medicinialibus, describuntur; nouæ & curiosissimæ quæstiones disputantur, ac plura sacræ Scripturæ loca eruditè enodantur. Accedunt de miris & miraculosis Naturis in Europâ Libri duo: item de iisdem in Terrâ Hebræis promissâ Liber vnus.
Historia Natvrae, Maxime Peregrinae, Libris XVI. Disctincta. In quibus rarissima Naturæ arcana, etiam astronomica, & ignota Indiarum animalia, quadrupedes, aues, pisces, retilia, insecta, zoophyta, plantæ, metalla, lapides, & alia mineralia, fluuiorumque & elementorum conditiones, etiam cum proprietatibus medicinialibus, describuntur; nouæ & curiosissimæ quæstiones disputantur, ac plura sacræ Scripturæ loca eruditè enodantur. Accedunt de miris & miraculosis Naturis in Europâ Libri duo: item de iisdem in Terrâ Hebræis promissâ Liber vnus.
Historia Natvrae, Maxime Peregrinae, Libris XVI. Disctincta. In quibus rarissima Naturæ arcana, etiam astronomica, & ignota Indiarum animalia, quadrupedes, aues, pisces, retilia, insecta, zoophyta, plantæ, metalla, lapides, & alia mineralia, fluuiorumque & elementorum conditiones, etiam cum proprietatibus medicinialibus, describuntur; nouæ & curiosissimæ quæstiones disputantur, ac plura sacræ Scripturæ loca eruditè enodantur. Accedunt de miris & miraculosis Naturis in Europâ Libri duo: item de iisdem in Terrâ Hebræis promissâ Liber vnus.
Historia Natvrae, Maxime Peregrinae, Libris XVI. Disctincta. In quibus rarissima Naturæ arcana, etiam astronomica, & ignota Indiarum animalia, quadrupedes, aues, pisces, retilia, insecta, zoophyta, plantæ, metalla, lapides, & alia mineralia, fluuiorumque & elementorum conditiones, etiam cum proprietatibus medicinialibus, describuntur; nouæ & curiosissimæ quæstiones disputantur, ac plura sacræ Scripturæ loca eruditè enodantur. Accedunt de miris & miraculosis Naturis in Europâ Libri duo: item de iisdem in Terrâ Hebræis promissâ Liber vnus.

Historia Natvrae, Maxime Peregrinae, Libris XVI. Disctincta. In quibus rarissima Naturæ arcana, etiam astronomica, & ignota Indiarum animalia, quadrupedes, aues, pisces, retilia, insecta, zoophyta, plantæ, metalla, lapides, & alia mineralia, fluuiorumque & elementorum conditiones, etiam cum proprietatibus medicinialibus, describuntur; nouæ & curiosissimæ quæstiones disputantur, ac plura sacræ Scripturæ loca eruditè enodantur. Accedunt de miris & miraculosis Naturis in Europâ Libri duo: item de iisdem in Terrâ Hebræis promissâ Liber vnus.

Antwerp: Ex Officina Plantiniana Balthasaris Moreti, 1635.

Price: $12,000.00

Folio: 35 x 23 cm. [8], 502, [106] p. Collation: *4, A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Ddd6, Eee4 (-Eee4 blank)

FIRST EDITION of one of the earliest American natural histories.

A good copy in contemporary vellum, recently re-backed, dented at corners . Title gently washed, still somewhat soiled, and with small section of upper blank margin restored (no loss), very mild marginal damp-staining to opening gatherings, a few internal gatherings, and again starting at leaf Xx1 (with a few mild tide-lines); leaves H2, S3 and S5 with small rust marks, leaves Cc2, Cc3, and Ee3 with stain in lower margin, worming in the gutter starting at sig Ii.

This work contains sixty-nine text woodcuts of New World plant and animal subjects. The fine woodcut illustrations were made by Christoffel Jegher (1569-1653), who worked extensively for Rubens, and with the Plantin printing family. Many woodcuts are signed with his initials: C.I. See Mary L. Myers, “Rubens and the Woodcuts of Christoffel Jegher” in Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New series, Vol. 25, No. 1, Part 1 (Summer, 1966), p. 7 (describing the woodcuts made by Jegher for Rubens): “Among the very finest of all the prints that were produced by the northern baroque.”

This is a beautifully illustrated work on the natural history of America and the East and West Indies, with a particular emphasis on Mexico and Peru with many names in Nahuatl or Quechua, and some illustrations being the first depiction of certain species. Among the animals are the Vaccas Sibolenses (the buffalo), which the author says are hunted for their meat and hides by the Apache Indians. Other illustrations and descriptions include the jaguar (or ocelot), raccoon, three-toed sloth, porcupine, opossum with young in her pouch (first ever illustration), beaver, vicuna, armadillo (tail recommended for medicinal use for disorders of the ear), monkeys, rattlesnake (second printed illustration of the species, according to Laurence M. Klauber in Rattlesnakes, University of California, 1984, p. 28, fig. 49), iguana, emu, bird of paradise (this image contributed to the early mythology surrounding the species), emerald toucan, manatee (first printed depiction), crocodile, tobacco (large- and narrow-leaf species), guiacum (lignum-vitae tree), passion flower (the latter with heavy-laden emblematic iconography showing the instruments of Christ’s Passion, literally depicted: the wounds, spears, crown of thorns, and chalice), etc. In addition to the woodcut illustrations, Nieremberg’s book contains about 160 descriptions of plants, animals, and minerals. There are accounts of ceremonies, preparations of medicines, and Native uses of plant, animal, and mineral products. Also found are ethnographic descriptions, including accounts of Amazons and pygmies.

Nieremberg compiled in encyclopedic form all knowledge about nature in the New World that had survived in various manuscripts and printed works. Among his sources were Jesuit missionaries, sixteenth-century Spanish chroniclers, and botanists, among them Acosta, Herrera, Clusius, Martyr, Thevet, Monardes, and López de Gómara. Some of the text and illustrations are derived from the then-unpublished work of Francisco Hernández (1517?-1587); Nieremberg had access to Hernández’ voluminous draft and finished manuscripts and this work resulted in wide dissemination of Hernández’ work.

The description of the structure and offices of the temple of Mexico (bk. 8, chaps. 22-27) is taken from Hernández, who had excerpted it from a manuscript copy of Sahagún’s General History (bk. 1, app. 2). It gives the Nahuatl names, Latin translations, and descriptions of the 78 parts of the temple complex as well as of its various ministers. Nieremberg also drew heavily on Hernández for his natural history and utilized some of his drawings to illustrate his text.

“Provides a botanical account of tobacco and the numerous uses to which it can be put in therapeutic practice.”(Arents 3278).

Nissen ZBI 2974; Vogelbucher 676; Sabin 55268; Thieme-Becker 18.487; Hoover 612; Arents 3278; Wood 493; Wellcome 4546; Pritzel 6701; De Backer Sommervogel V, 1736, 13; Leclerc 409