Rome: Giovanni Komarek, 1689.
Octavo: 17.5 x 12 cm. , 109,  pages. Collation: a8, A-G8. 4 added engraved plates.
Although advertised as “Parte Prima”, no second part was published. Bound in contemporary stiff vellum, soiled. The text is in very good condition with a little light toning to scattered leaves, very mild marginal foxing to some leaves and plates, small light dampstain to upper margin of 4 lvs. Last plate with light dampstain visible on verso. PROVENANCE: Bookplate of Maurice Villaret (1877-1946), French neurologist. An earlier inscription (scored through and illegible) on title. Rare. 5 copies in North America (NYAM, Yale, NLM, Cornell, Minn.).
The physician, anatomist, and pathologist Gagliardi is remembered in particular for this study of the skeletal system, in which he discusses the morphology of lamellar bone and the pathologies that afflict the skeleton. In his investigations he used the microscope and “chemical reagents in order to bring out the fine structure of bone. The book contains the first description of a case of what was presumably tuberculosis of the bone.”(Westfall) Gagliardi also advocated the usefulness of post-mortems for medical education and practice.
“Born not far from the Italian capital, in the small town of Marino, Domenico Gagliardi graduated in Rome in 1676. He gained some renown thanks to his 1689 study ‘Anatomes ossium’, in which he extended to bone formation the theory of phytogenesis advanced in the book ‘Anatomes plantarum’ by Malpighi (whom Gagliardi saluted as the 'Columbus of the microcosm' for his studies of microscopic anatomy). Assistant and subsequently head physician at Santo Spirito, Gagliardi was admitted to the Roman College of Physicians around 1695.”(Donato, “Sudden Death: Medicine and Religion in Eighteenth-Century Rome”, p. 81).
Literature: Mario Radelli, "La Anatome ossium di Domenico Gaglirdi," Physis, 2 (1960), 223-31.