Theology

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The City of God

Augustine, Saint, of Hippo (354-430 AD); Vives, Juan Luis (1492-1540); Healy, John [translator] (d. 1610)
Saint Augustine, Of the citie of God : with the learned comments of Io. Lodouicus Viues. Englished first by J. H. and now in this second edition compared with the Latine originall, and in very many places corrected and amended.

London: Printed by G. Eld and M. Flesher, 1620

$8,500.00

Folio: 32.3 x 21.5 cm. ¶4, A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Zzz6, Aaaa-Dddd6 (lacks blank ¶1).

This second edition was revised by William Crashaw (1572-1626), father of the poet Richard Crashaw, and includes the commentary of Juan Luis Vives (first published in Basle, 1522), which Vives wrote at the suggestion of Erasmus.

"Fifteen years after Augustine wrote the Confessions, at a time when he was bringing to a close (and invoking government power to do so) his long struggle with the Donatists but before he had worked himself up to action against the Pelagians, the Roman world was shaken by news of a military action in Italy.

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STC 917; Estelrich 119. Pforzheimer 19

Gutenberg's Other Great Innovation - The Hibbert-Botfield copy of the Catholicon

BALBUS, Johannes (O.P., d.1298)
Catholicon.

Mainz: [Peter Schoeffer, ca. [1469], 1460

$600,000.00

Theo Gerardy in Gutenberg Jahrbuch articles of 1971, 1973 and 1980 showed that the Galliziani and Tower/Crown paper stocks in the Catholicon did not exist in 1460 and therefore suggested a date in the late 1460s for the edition as a whole. This dating of all three issues to c. 1469 was later taken up by Lotte Hellinga, who added numerous details and arguments to support it in a wide-ranging investigation of typographical evidence in the Catholicon and textual evidence in the 4° Aquinas (see Gutenberg Jahrbuch1989, 1990, 1991, Bulletin du Bibliophile 1991, The Book Collector 1992, Archiv für Geschichte des Buchwesens 1993).

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HC *2254; GW 3182(3); BMC I, 39 (IC. 303); Goff B-20; CIBN B-13 (II); De Ricci, Mayence 90.71 (one of two "exemplaires disparus"). BMC assigns letters to the collation: a-f10, g4, h-t10, v4+1, A-S10, T4. On the Polling provenance, see Richard van Dülmen, “Aufklärung und Reform in Bayern, I. Das Tagebuch des Pollinger Prälaten Franz Töpsl (1744–1752) und seine Korrespondenz mit Gerhoh Steigenberger (1763–1768),” in Zeitschrift für Bayerische Landesgeschichte(ZBLG, 1969) 32 (1969), p. 733, letter of 7 January 1766 to Steigenberger [attached]; and Aretin, Neunter Brief, in Beyträge zur Geschichte und Literatur, vorzüglich aus den Schätzen der Königl. Hof- und Centralbibliothek zu München. I (Munich: Lindauer, 1803), 89

Astronomy and Meteorology; Flora and Fauna: The Natural World in the Middle Ages. With 15th c. Provenance. Bound at the Monastery of St Zeno

Berenger of Landorra, Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (circa 1262-1330), and Gregory of Vorau (ed. Matthias Farinator)
Lumen Animae. Incipit: Liber moralitatum elegantissimus magnarum reru[m] naturalium lumen anime dict[us]: cu[m] septe[m] apparitorib[us] necno[n] sanctoru[m] doctoru[m] orthodoxe fidei p[ro]fessorum Poetaru[m] etia[m] ac oratoru[m] auctoritatib[us] p[er] modum pharatre s[e]c[un]d[u]m ordine[m] alphabeti collectis feliciter incipit.

Strasbourg: Printer of the 1481 Legenda aurea, 22 March 1482

$35,000.00

Folio: 29.2 x 21.8 cm. 274 unsigned leaves. [A-C]8, [D]10; [a-m]8, [n]6,[o-z]8, [aa-ff]8, [gg]10. Complete with the initial and final blanks.

The arrival of printed books is so often regarded as one of the inaugural moments of the renaissance that it is sometimes forgotten that the first years of print also represented the last great flowering of the Middle Ages. The “Lumen Anime” (Light of the Soul), is testament to that. Formerly attributed to the Carmelite friar Mathias Farinator of Vienna (who compiled the index), the “Lumen Anime” is now known to be Berenger of Landorra, General of the Dominican order and archbishop of Campostella from 1317 to 1325.

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BMC I, 97; Hain-Copinger 10333*; Goff L-396; Proctor 413; Polain 1468; Wellcome I, 2175; Klebs 631.3; Thorndyke III, 546ff. Sources: Mary A. and Richard H. Rouse, ‘The Texts called Lumen Anime,’ Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, 41 (Rome, 1971), 5-113; N.R. Ker, Records of All Soul’s College Library. 1437-1600 (Oxford, 1971), 27.

A Fine, Large 13th c. "Proto" Paris Bible

BIBLE MANUSCRIPT, with prologues and the Interpretations of Hebrew Names
Decorated manuscript on vellum, in Latin

France (Paris?), early 13th century

$175,000.00

Contents: The books of the Bible and prologues are very close to the standard Paris sequence (f.1), omitting Psalms, and with a capitula list for Genesis; the Interpretations of Hebrew Names in the version from Aaz to Zuzim (f.167), alphabetised to the first two letters; preceded by added notes on the four types of biblical exposition (historical, tropological, anagogical, typological) and the seven rules of theology (f.

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The 1549 Estienne Greek New Testament

BIBLE. ESTIENNE PRINTING FIRM.
Tes Kaines Diathekes hapanta. [Novum Testamentum ex bibliotheca regia].

Paris: Robert Estienne, 1549

$6,500.00

16 mo. 2 volumes. 12.1 x 7.8 cm. I : 528 p. (Collation: a-z8, A-K8), II : 361 p., [1] f. (Collation: aa-yy8, zz6)

Robert Estienne’s second Greek New Testament, printed in the celebrated “grecs du roi” Greek types of Claude Garamond. With the iconic device of the French king’s printer on the title pages and the Estienne device at the end of the second volume.

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Renouard, Annales Estienne, 73, 1; Schreiber 102; Darlow & Moule, 4620; USTC, 150379

Otto Schäfer's Copy –An Exceptional Set in Contemporary Green Calf –Illustrated with 75 Fine Woodcuts

BIBLE. OLD TESTAMENT IN GERMAN. Luther, Martin (1483-1546), translator
Das Alte Testament Deutsch nach urspringlicher Hebreischer warheit. Mit schöner der schwersten [W]örter ausslegung.

Strasbourg: Johann Knobloch, [?January] 1524, July 1524, March 1525

$85,000.00

Folio: Three volumes bound as one. 30.5 x 20.8 cm. Vol. I: [6], CLI, [1] lvs. Vol. II: [1], CXC, [1] lvs., Vol. III: LXXXVII lvs. Collation: Vol. I: i-vi, A-Z6, Aa6, Bb8 (Bb8 blank and present.) Vol. II: A-Z6, Aa-Ii6 (Ii6 blank and present). Vol III: A-C6, D4, E-P6

A fine set of an early printing of Luther's German Old Testament, profusely illustrated. The first volume of the Old Testament, including the Pentateuch, was first published at Wittenberg by Melchior Lotter, the Younger, for Lucas Cranach and Christian Döring,in mid-1523.

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An Illuminated Parisian Book of Hours Printed on Vellum

BOOK OF HOURS
Hore dive virginis Marie, secundum usum Romanorum, cum aliis multis, folio sequenti notatis, una cum figuris Apocalipsis, et multis figuris Biblie insertis [With a calendar for 1513-1527]

Paris: Gilles Hardouyn for Germain Hardouyn, 9 August, 1514

$26,000.00

Octavo: Printed on vellum.. 16.2 x 10.5 cm. 112 lvs. Collation: A-O8. Complete

Printed at Paris by Gilles Hardouyn (?1455-?1529) for his brother Germain Hardouyn (d. 1541) at his printshop at the sign of the golden rose near the Pont Notre-Dame. The illustrations were probably produced in the workshop of the Parisian artist Jean Pichore (fl.

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Lacombe, Livres d'heures imprimés au XVe et XVIe siècle conservés dans les bibliothèques publiques de Paris, catalogue, no 251 (p. 146); Renouard, ICP, II, 865; Bohatta, 959; Van Praet, I, n° 116 and 132; Brunet 243; Renouard, Les marques typographiques parisiennes des XVe et XVIe siècles, 429 and 431. Another velum copy is held at the Bibliothèque Genève Switzerland.

Bunyan’s Evolving Doctrine of Justification & An Attack on the Church of England - The First Edition - Complete With the Engraved frontispiece

Bunyan, John (1628-1688)
A discourse upon the Pharisee and the publicane. Wherein several great and weighty things are handled: as the nature of prayer, and of obedience to the law, with how far it obliges Christians, and wherein it consists: wherein is also shewed the equally deplorable condition of the Pharisee, or hypocritical and self-righteous man, and of the publicane, or sinner that lives in sin, and in open violation of the divine laws: together with the way and method of God’s free-grace in pardoning penetent sinners; proving that he justifies them by imputing Christs righteousness to them. Written by John Bunian, author of the Pilgrims progress

London: Printed for Jo. Harris, at the Harrow, over against the Church in the Poultry, 1685

$15,500.00

Duodecimo: 14 x 8 cm. [8], 202 p. A4, B-I12, K7 (with the first blank. Lacking final blank).

Printed one year after the appearance of the second part of “The Pilgrim’s Progress” and in the same year that the Bedford magistrates ordered penal laws against nonconformists to be enforced, Bunyan’s “Discourse upon the Pharisee and the Publicane” is a fiery critique of the tyranny of the Church of England and of those among his readers who, like the residents of Vanity Fair and the Pharisee in the parable, prided themselves on superficial religiosity.

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ESTC R3995; Wing (2nd ed., 1994), B5512A; Harrison 34

Teaching Egyptian Monasticism in 4th Century Gaul - The first edition of Cassian's "Institutes"

Cassianus, Johannes (c. 360-435)
De institutis coenobiorum – Collationes patrum XXIV.

Basel: [Johann Amerbach, after 24 September] 1485

$28,000.00

Chancery folio: 2 parts in one volume. 30 x 21 cm. [208] lvs. Collation: [*]10, a-b8, c-d6, e-h6.8, i8, k-n6.8, o-t8, v6; A-B8, C-F6.8, G8

Johannes Cassianus is an elusive and remarkable figure. As a young man, he lived as a monk in Palestine for about three years, before venturing on to Egypt. While it is unclear how much time Cassian spent in Egypt, he learned a great deal about the Egyptian monastic tradition. He would later use the Egyptian monastic model as a blueprint when forming his own community in Gaul, and would incorporate the philosophy of the Egyptian monks in his major writings.

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ISTC ic00233000; HC *4562; GW 6160; BMC III 748; Bod-inc C-102; BSB-Ink C-165; Goff C-233

The Rare Church Calendar, Use of Rome. For the Leap Year 1684

Church Calendar: Ordo Officii Divini Recitandi.
Ordo Officii Divini Recitandi juxta Ritum Breviarii Romani pro Anno Bissextili M.DC.LXXXIV. Cum annotatione colorum, quibus Eminentiss. et Reverendiss. Domini Cardinales Romae degentes in vestibus, et Cappis Pontificalibus utuntur; Ac etiam Cappellarum, quae infra annum celebrantur.

Rome: ex Typographia Rever. Cam. Apost., 1684

$3,500.00

Octavo: 16 x 10.6 cm. A-D8, A8, a8

This is an extremely rare Vatican “Directorium”, the yearly calendar of the Church of Rome, published for the leap year 1684, during the reign of Pope Innocent XI (1611-1689), whose woodcut arms appear on the title page. It consists of a calendar for the year, in which there are printed against each day concise directions concerning the Office and Mass to be said on that day. There are also indications of fast days, special indulgences, days of devotion, etc.

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The Protestant Martyrs. With the Ballad of John Careless, Later adapted by Shakespeare in King Lear

Coverdale, Miles (1488-1568)
Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such true saintes and holy martyrs of God, as in the late bloodye persecution here within this realme, gaue their lyues for the defence of Christes holy gospel: written in the tyme of theyr affliction and cruell imprysonment.

London: By Iohn Day, dwelling ouer Aldersgate, beneath Saint Martines, 1564

$18,000.00

Quarto: 18 x 13.5 cm. [8], 46, 49-689, [5] p. Collation: A4, B-C8, D8(-D8), E-I8, K8(-K6), L-Y8 2A-2X8, 2Y8 + [hand]Y4 (Leaves D8 and K6 are canceled, as intended.)

An important collection of writings by English Protestants, many of whom had been martyred, compiled and with a preface by Miles Coverdale. There are letters by Lady Jane Gray (1536/7-1554) (a letter written “to her syster the Ladye Katheryne, immediately before she suffered”), John Bradford (1510?-1555) (including a partial reprint of \"An exhortacion to the carienge of Chrystes crosse\", STC 3480.

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STC 5886

Shaping the Dominican Rule - The Sole 15th c. Edition

DOMINICAN ORDER. Humbertus de Romanis (1200-1277)
Auslegung uber Sankt Augustins Regel

[Ulm: Conrad Dinckmut,] c. 1488

$19,000.00

Chancery folio: 26.5 x 19 cm. 206 leaves. [*]4, a-z/8.10. 7a 33 lines and foliation, 199 (207) x 119 mm. Types 147 and 121.

The sole 15thc. edition of Humbert of Romans' important explication of the Rule of St. Augustine, "Expositio regulae beati Augustini Episcopi". The Latin original was not printed until the 16thc. and this is apparently the onlyedition of the German translation. According to ISTC, "current research suggests the Dominican Georg Falder-Pistoris (d.

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ISTC ih00550000; HC *9090; GW 13649; BMC II 536; BSB-Ink-H-440; Amelung, Frühdruck I 119; Goff H-550

First Edition of Queen Elizabeth’s Visitation Articles

ELIZABETH I, Queen of England (1533-1603)
Articles to be enquyred in the visitation, in the fyrst yeare of the raygne of our moost drad soueraygne Lady, Elizabeth by the grace of God, of Englande Fraunce, and Irelande, Quene, defender of the fayth. &c. Anno 1559

London: Imprinted… in Povles Churcheyarde by Richard Iugge and Iohn Cavvood, Printers to the Quenes Maiestie, 1559

$22,000.00

Quarto: 18 x 13 cm. [14] pp. Collation: A-B4 (lacking blank leaf B4)

With the signature of the 16th c. book collector Humphrey Dyson (1582-1633) at the foot of the title page. The bookplate of Albert Ehrman, with his motto “Pro Viribus Summis Contendo” is affixed to the front pastedown. This was lot 270 in the 1978 sale of Ehrman’s library. Very rare. ESTC locates 4 copies in the U.S.: Folger, Huntington, Harvard, Yale.

First edition of the first visitation articles established for the reformed church after Elizabeth’s accession.

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STC 10118

“My yoke is sweet and my burden light.” A Vernacular Translation of Erasmus’ Annotation on Mathew 11:29-30

Erasmus, Desiderius (ca.1466-1536)
Herr Erasmus von Ro||terdam/ verteutschte außlegung/|| über das/ go[e]ttlich tro[e]stlich wort || vnsers lieben Herrñ vnnd selig=||machers Christi/ Nement auff || euch mein Joch/ vnd ler=||nent von mir.

[Mainz: Johann Schöffer], 1521

$5,200.00

Quarto: [8] pp. Collation: AA4

A German translation of Erasmus’ annotation on Mathew 11:29 (taken from his “In Novum Testamentum annotationes”) in which Erasmus differentiates between the divine order and human positive law. He laments that people ignore the commands of God and follow human law instead: ‘Christ’s law is inviting and easy, but it becomes onerous and difficult through the addition of human prescriptions and dogmas.

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Bezzel 1228; VD16 E 3106

A Painter turned Pamphleteer

Greiffenberger, Hans (fl. 1524)
Ein trostliche ermanung den angefocht(e)n gewissen vo(n) wegen gethoner sünd, wye un(d) wamitt Sye getröst werdenn, den Sathan, sich nit erschrecken lassenn.

Augsburg: M. Ramminger, 1524

$4,500.00

Quarto: 20.5 x 15.5 cm. [12] p. Collation: A6

Hans Greiffenberger was a Nuremberg painter who ran afoul of the authorities for both his art and for his subversive religious activism. In October 1524 he was investigated on the charge of creating an unsuitable and offensive painting and "because he seduces the people to a new sect." The artwork was described as "a shameful painting that he made against papal sanctity."

While he lacked the literary skills of Hans Sachs, Greiffenberger's works had a similar immediacy.

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VD 16, G 3155; Kuczynski 939

A Formerly Chained Binding, With Medieval Manuscript Waste

Henricus de Herpf (c.1410-1477)
Speculum aureum decem praeceptorum Dei.

Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 12 March 1481

$12,000.00

Median folio: 31.5 x 21.5 cm. 325 of 326 lvs. (lacks 1st blank leaf). Collation (supplied by BMC): *10, a-z8, A-P8, Q-R6.

A book previously held in a chained library, in an unusual, red-dyed binding.

213 sermons on the Ten Commandments by the Dutch mystic Hendrik Herp, whose writings had a profound impact on later mystical writers, including Francisco de Osuna, who in turn influenced St. Teresa of Jesus.

From 1445, Herpf was a rector of the Brothers of the Common Life in Delft and, later, in Gouda, where he encouraged book production in particular.

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ISTC ih00040000; H *8524; GW 12227; BMC II 419; Bod-inc H-020; BSB-Ink H-219; Goff H-40

The First Edition of Maffei’s Life of Ignatius

IGNATIUS OF LOYOLA, SAINT (1491-1556), Maffei, Giovanni Pietro (1536-1603)
De Vita et Morib. Ignatii Loiolae: qui Societatem Iesu fundavit, libri III

Rome: Apud F. Zannettum, 1585

$5,500.00

Quarto: 20 x 14.5 cm †2, A-Z4, Aa-Cc4, Dd2

Maffei, author of the influential history of the Jesuit missions in Asia, wrote his life of Ignatius to advance the Jesuits’ case for the canonization of the Society’s founder. In his opening letter to the Jesuit General Claudio Acquaviva, Maffei tells us that he composed the work at the behest of the previous general of the order, Everard Mercurian. The year in which this biography appeared (1585) was an inauspicious year for the Jesuits, for it was the first year of the reign of Pope Sixtus V, who was hostile to the order.

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Backer-Sommervogel V, 296; Palau 14, 6954

The Flowers of Wisdom – In a contemporary Esslingen blinding

INCUNABULA. Spiera, Ambrosius de (1413-1455)
Quadragesimale de floribus sapientiae. Edited by Marcus Venetus.

Venice: Bonetus Locatellus for Octavianus Scotus, 20 February 1488/ 1489

$16,000.00

Median quarto: 24 x 18 cm. a10, A-Z8, AA-PP8. Complete. Without the initial (a1) and final (PP8) blanks.

A very fine copy of these Lenten sermons by Ambrosius Spiera, a Servite theologian born in Treviso near Venice around 1413. Spiera studied rhetoric, poetry, and music under his father, Bartolomeo, head of Treviso's public gymnasium. At 16 he became a novice in the Servite order at Treviso, at the monastery of St. Catherine the Virgin. At the end of his novitiate, around 1430, he went to study at Perugia, where he met St.

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ISTC is00681000; HC *922; GW M43134; BMC V 436; BSB-Ink S-525; Goff S-681

Marriage for Monks, Nuns, & Widows

Karlstadt, Andreas Rudolff-Bodenstein von (ca. 1480-1541)
De Coelibatv, Monachatv, et Vidvitate

[Basel: Andreas Cratander], 1521

$6,500.00

Quarto: 20.5 x 15.5 cm. [32] p. Collation: a-d4

Karlstadt’s controversial critique of monasticism and his condemnation of clerical celibacy. In many instances and on many important matters, Karlstadt’s work and actions anticipate those of Luther (although the political and theological positions that motivated both men often differed). Karlstadt was the first of the reformers to publish his stance on the central problem of clerical celibacy; he himself married in January of 1522.

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Freyes/ Barge 60; VD16 B 6123; Jackson 1739

Whether Those Who Die Without Faith Can Be Saved

Luther, Martin (1483-1546)
Eyn Sendbriff uber die Frage. Ob auch yemant on glauben verstorben selig werden muge. An Er Hanssen von Rechenberg zur Freystadt.

[Erfurt: Stürmer], 1523

$4,500.00

Quarto: 20 x 14.5 cm. [8] pp. A4

Luther wrote this letter in August 1522 to Hans von Rechenberg, a strong supporter of the Reformation and a man who distinguished himself in battle against the Turks. There is no evidence that Luther knew von Rechenberg personally but the question that Luther addresses in the letter, whether a person who dies without faith may be saved, seems to have been one of personal concern to the addressee.

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Benzing 1270