The English Reformation

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The City of God

Augustine, Saint, of Hippo (354-430 AD); Vives, Juan Luis (1492-1540); Healy, John [translator] (d. 1610)
Saint Augustine, Of the citie of God : with the learned comments of Io. Lodouicus Viues. Englished first by J. H. and now in this second edition compared with the Latine originall, and in very many places corrected and amended.

London: Printed by G. Eld and M. Flesher, 1620

$8,500.00

Folio: 32.3 x 21.5 cm. ¶4, A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Zzz6, Aaaa-Dddd6 (lacks blank ¶1).

This second edition was revised by William Crashaw (1572-1626), father of the poet Richard Crashaw, and includes the commentary of Juan Luis Vives (first published in Basle, 1522), which Vives wrote at the suggestion of Erasmus.

"Fifteen years after Augustine wrote the Confessions, at a time when he was bringing to a close (and invoking government power to do so) his long struggle with the Donatists but before he had worked himself up to action against the Pelagians, the Roman world was shaken by news of a military action in Italy.

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STC 917; Estelrich 119. Pforzheimer 19

The Corruption and Illegitimacy of the Church - Bale’s salty and scandalous exposé of the Papacy and Monasticism

Bale, John (1495-1563)
Les vies des évesques et papes de Rome, depuis la disper- sion des Disciples de Iesus Christ, iusques au temps de Paul quatrieme, qui a present regne tyranniquement en l'Eglise, prinses du grand Catalogue des escrivains d'Angleterre,... Nouvellement traduites de Latin en François...

Geneva: Conrad Badius, 1561

$7,500.00

Octavo: 17 x 11 cm. (56), 705, (63) pp. Collation: *-***8, ****4, a-z8, A-Z8, aa-bb8

FIRST EDITION of Conrad Badius’ French translation of John Bale’s “Acta Romanorum Pontificum”(1558). In his “Acts of the Roman Pontiffs” Bale sought to prove that the popes are not the successors of Peter and expressed the belief that it was the Antichrist himself who controlled the papacy. He devotes considerable space to demonstrate that Peter never was a bishop of Rome and that there was considerable doubt among chroniclers about the identity of Peter’s immediate successors.

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Adams, B-133; Index Aureliensis 112.015; Universal STC, no. 210

Bunyan’s Evolving Doctrine of Justification & An Attack on the Church of England - The First Edition - Complete With the Engraved frontispiece

Bunyan, John (1628-1688)
A discourse upon the Pharisee and the publicane. Wherein several great and weighty things are handled: as the nature of prayer, and of obedience to the law, with how far it obliges Christians, and wherein it consists: wherein is also shewed the equally deplorable condition of the Pharisee, or hypocritical and self-righteous man, and of the publicane, or sinner that lives in sin, and in open violation of the divine laws: together with the way and method of God’s free-grace in pardoning penetent sinners; proving that he justifies them by imputing Christs righteousness to them. Written by John Bunian, author of the Pilgrims progress

London: Printed for Jo. Harris, at the Harrow, over against the Church in the Poultry, 1685

$15,500.00

Duodecimo: 14 x 8 cm. [8], 202 p. A4, B-I12, K7 (with the first blank. Lacking final blank).

Printed one year after the appearance of the second part of “The Pilgrim’s Progress” and in the same year that the Bedford magistrates ordered penal laws against nonconformists to be enforced, Bunyan’s “Discourse upon the Pharisee and the Publicane” is a fiery critique of the tyranny of the Church of England and of those among his readers who, like the residents of Vanity Fair and the Pharisee in the parable, prided themselves on superficial religiosity.

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ESTC R3995; Wing (2nd ed., 1994), B5512A; Harrison 34

The Protestant Martyrs. With the Ballad of John Careless, Later adapted by Shakespeare in King Lear

Coverdale, Miles (1488-1568)
Certain most godly, fruitful, and comfortable letters of such true saintes and holy martyrs of God, as in the late bloodye persecution here within this realme, gaue their lyues for the defence of Christes holy gospel: written in the tyme of theyr affliction and cruell imprysonment.

London: By Iohn Day, dwelling ouer Aldersgate, beneath Saint Martines, 1564

$18,000.00

Quarto: 18 x 13.5 cm. [8], 46, 49-689, [5] p. Collation: A4, B-C8, D8(-D8), E-I8, K8(-K6), L-Y8 2A-2X8, 2Y8 + [hand]Y4 (Leaves D8 and K6 are canceled, as intended.)

An important collection of writings by English Protestants, many of whom had been martyred, compiled and with a preface by Miles Coverdale. There are letters by Lady Jane Gray (1536/7-1554) (a letter written “to her syster the Ladye Katheryne, immediately before she suffered”), John Bradford (1510?-1555) (including a partial reprint of \"An exhortacion to the carienge of Chrystes crosse\", STC 3480.

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STC 5886

Two Holograph Letters of Joseph Creswell, S.J., with arguments to the Spanish King for the conversion of England & A Second Spanish Armada

Creswell, Joseph, S.J. (1557 – ca. 1623)
[Two documents on paper, in Spanish, signed Joseph Creswell] Con muchas y evidentes señales ha declarado Dios Nuestro Señor y se[gui]ra declarando cada dia, que es servido reducir el Reino de Ingla[ter]ra otra vez a n[uest]ra S[an]ta Fee, y que aver dilatado esta reduccion, ha sido para hazer la major, disponiendo en este medio asi a los naturales para q la reciban…

1. No place, ? St. Alban 29 March, 1597 And, 2. "en este Collegio" ? St. Alban 1597

$16,000.00

Folio: 31 x 22.5 cm. I. [3] pp. II. [8] pp.

Two manuscript letters, apparently unpublished, by Joseph Creswell, S.J. advising Philip II, King of Spain, on the restoration of Catholicism in England, , apparently written at St. Alban's College, Valladolid, Spain in early 1597. The letters are addressed to an unnamed religious figure, apparently close to the king, who heeds his counsel. These letters are not found in Calendar of State Papers, Spanish (Simancas, Valladolid).

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"No man is an island."

Donne, John (1573-1631)
Devotions vpon emergent occasions, and seuerall steps in my sicknes: digested into 1. Meditations vpon our humane condition. 2. Expostulations, and debatements with God. 3. Prayers, vpon the seuerall occasions, to him. By Iohn Donne, Deane of S. Pauls, London. The third edition.

London: Printed [by Augustine Mathewes] for Thomas Iones, and are to be sold at the signe of the Black Rauen in the Strand, 1627

$20,000.00

Duodecimo: 13.8 x 8.4 cm. [8], 589, [1] p. A-Z12 (lacks blank A1); Aa-Bb12

“[The ‘Devotions’] present a more vivid and intimate picture of Donne than anything else written by himself or others.” –Sparrow

“Donne’s ‘Devotions’ is the source of the author’s famous meditation on the interconnectedness of all human lives: ‘No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main;… any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind.

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Keynes, G. Donne (4th ed.), 38; STC 7035a; ESTC S114971; Grolier/Donne 20 (this copy)

First Edition of Queen Elizabeth’s Visitation Articles

ELIZABETH I, Queen of England (1533-1603)
Articles to be enquyred in the visitation, in the fyrst yeare of the raygne of our moost drad soueraygne Lady, Elizabeth by the grace of God, of Englande Fraunce, and Irelande, Quene, defender of the fayth. &c. Anno 1559

London: Imprinted… in Povles Churcheyarde by Richard Iugge and Iohn Cavvood, Printers to the Quenes Maiestie, 1559

$22,000.00

Quarto: 18 x 13 cm. [14] pp. Collation: A-B4 (lacking blank leaf B4)

With the signature of the 16th c. book collector Humphrey Dyson (1582-1633) at the foot of the title page. The bookplate of Albert Ehrman, with his motto “Pro Viribus Summis Contendo” is affixed to the front pastedown. This was lot 270 in the 1978 sale of Ehrman’s library. Very rare. ESTC locates 4 copies in the U.S.: Folger, Huntington, Harvard, Yale.

First edition of the first visitation articles established for the reformed church after Elizabeth’s accession.

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STC 10118

Queen Elizabeth’s Royal Injunctions of 1559 – With Injunctions Regulating the Printing of Books

[Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1533-1603)]
Iniunctions geuen by the Queenes Maiestie, anno Domini 1559, the fyrst yere of the raigne of our soueraigne lady Queene Elizabeth

No place, no printer [R. Jugge], ca. ? 1572

$6,800.00

Quarto: 18.2 x 12.3 cm. [32] p. Collation: A-D4

Extremely rare. ESTC locates 1 copy (Cambridge, St. John’s College). A total of 10 editions of the 1559 injunctions were printed between 1559 and ca. 1574 (all dates in ESTC are conjectural and marked with “?”). In aggregate, the number of copies from all editions combined that are held in North America is 7. Holdings as follows: Folger (1559?), Berkeley (1559?), Folger, Huntington, LC (1569?), Union Theological (1559?), Harvard Law (1574?)

The Royal Injunctions of 1559 were one of the five principal elements of the Elizabethan Religious Settlement, along with the Act of Supremacy, Act of Uniformity, The Thirty-Nine Articles, and The Book of Common Prayer.

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ESTC S2083; STC 10102.10

Guiding the King “in his tender age.” – Preaching Reform before Edward VI

Hooper, John (1495 x 1500–1555)
An Oversight and Deliberacion upon the Holy Prophete Jonas, made, and uttered before the kynges maiestie, and his moost honorable councell, by Ihon Hoper in lent last past. Comprehended in seue[n] sermons. Anno. M.D.L

London: by Jhon Daye, 1550

$12,500.00

Octavo: 13.8 x 9 cm. †8, A-Z8

A series of important Lenten sermons, preached before King Edward VI in 1550, by the Protestant reformer (and ex-Cistercian monk) John Hooper, who five years later would be burned at the stake (his death is illustrated in Foxe’s “Acts and Monuments”.) In these sermons Hooper presents his opposition to elements of Cranmer’s Edwardine Book of Common Prayer (1549) and the King’s Ordinal (1550), in particular his opposition to the oath by the saints required of clergy at their consecration and the wearing of vestments.

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STC 13764. ESTC (S93047) notes another edition with errata on the recto of final leaf Z8, here blank.

The Souls in Purgatory Speak - The Bradley Martin Copy

More, Sir Thomas, Saint (1478-1535)
The Supplycacyon of soulys. Made by syr Thomas More knight councellour to our souerayn lorde the Kynge and chauncellour of hys Duchy of Lancaster. Agaynst the supplycacyon of beggars

London: printed by William Rastell, 1529

$35,000.00

Folio: 27 x 19 cm. xliiii leaves. Collation: A-L4

First edition of Thomas More's reply to Simon Fish's "Supplication for the Beggars." Fish represented the clergy as "thieves," responsible for the distress of the poor; he denies the existence of Purgatory and, appealing to Henry VIII in the voice of the English beggars, calls for the dissolution of the monasteries. More counters each of Fish's arguments, and using Fish's own literary device against him, has the very souls in Purgatory "supplicate" the living for the continuance of the prayers offered by the clergy for their release.

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ESTC S123347; STC (2nd ed.), 18093; Gibson More 70

Printed on Parsons’ Press at Rouen

Parsons, Robert, S.J. (1546-1610)
A Christian directorie guiding men to their saluation. Deuided into three bookes. The first vvherof apperteining to resolution, is only conteined in this volume, deuided into tvvo partes, and set forth novv againe vvith many corrections, and additions by th’authour him self, vvith reprofe of the corrupt and falsified edition of the same booke lately published by M. Edm. Buny. Ther is added also a methode for the vse of al; with two tables, and a preface to the reader, which is necessarie to be reade

[Rouen: Printed at Fr. Parsons’s press], 1585

$7,400.00

Duodecimo (in 8’s and 4’s): 14.5 x 8 cm. 23 leaves, 883, [21] p. Collation: a8(-a1) b4, c8, d4, A-Z8/4, Aa-Zz8/4; Aaa-Ccc8/4, Ddd-Eee8, Fff4

The “Christian Directorie”, a landmark in English recusant literature, is an enlarged version of Parsons’ “Resolution” (published as "The first booke of the Christian exercise" in 1582). Parsons adds four completely new chapters, along with side-notes for addressing the “infinite corruptions, maymes, and manglings” in the Protestant adaptation of the book made by Edmund Bunny.

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Allison and Rogers, English Counter Reformation, II, 618; ESTC S114169; STC (2nd ed.), 19354.1

In Defence of the Scottish Presbyterians. Printed at Edinburgh by Robert Waldegrave

Penry, John (1559-1593)
A Briefe Discovery of the Untruthes and Slanders (Against the True Government of the Church of Christ) contained in a sermon, preached the 8. [sic] of Februarie 1588. by D. Bancroft, and since that time, set forth in print, with additions by the said authour. This short ansvver may serue for the clearing of the truth, vntill a larger confutation of the sermon be published.

Edinburgh: Robert Waldegrave, 1590

$4,800.00

Quarto: 7 x 5 in. [8], 56 pp. Collation: A-H4 (lacking preliminary blank A1).

In this tract, the Puritan martyr John Penry defends the Scottish Presbyterians against accusations of disloyalty made by Richard Bancroft, future Archbishop of Canterbury. The book was published anonymously in Edinburgh by Robert Waldegrave (c.1554–1603/4), who had published Penry’s earlier works on a series of secret presses in England. Waldegrave and Penry both fled England in 1589 to escape persecution and arrest.

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ESTC S114383; STC (2nd ed.), 19603

A 16th c. Compilaton of Important English Recusant Texts

RECUSANTS. JESUITS. Gibbons, John (1544-1589); Fenn, John (1544-1589), editors. Allen, William, Cardinal (1532-1594); Parsons (or Persons), Robert, S.J. (1546-1610); Campion, Edmund, Saint (1540-1581); Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1533-1603)
Concertatio ecclesiae Catholicæ in Anglia adversus Caluinopapistas et Puritanos, a paucis annis singulari studio quorundam hominum doctrina & sanctitate illustrium renouata. Operis totius seriem, eius argumentum post epistolam dedicatoriam edocebit.

Trier: Apud Emondum Hatotum, 1583

$2,800.00

A collection of texts by prominent English Catholics, compiled and edited by John Gibbons and John Fenn (though often erroneously attributed to John Bridgewater.) Among the texts are Edmund Campion's "Rationes Decem", Cardinal William Allen's "Apologia pro sacerdotibus Societatis Iesu", Robert Parsons' "De Persecutione Anglicana", and the anonymous account of the capture, torture, trial, and execution of Edmund Campion and his companions Ralph Sherwin and Alexander Briant.

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Allison & Rogers, English Counter-Reformation, Vol. 1, no. 524; De Backer-Sommervogel, Vol. III, col. 1403, no. 1; Adams G262 and E141; Shaaber G262 and A239; VD16 ZV 22415; Milward, Religious controversies of the Elizabethan age, 251; Haile, Elizabethan Cardinal, 1914, p. 376

The First Printing of Two Attacks on Mary, Queen of Scots

STUART, MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS (1542-1587). Buchanan, George (1506-1582)
De Maria Scotorum Regina, totaque eius contra Regem coniuratione, foedo cum Bothuelio adulterio, nefaria in maritum crudelitate & rabie, horrendo insuper & deterrimo eiusdem parricidio: plena, & tragica planè historia.

N.p. but London: John Day, no date but 1571

$7,500.00

Octavo: 14.2 x 8.8 cm. (2), 144, (4) pp. Collation: A-Q4

First edition of this famous denunciation of Mary, Queen of Scots, by the eminent scholar who had at one time been her tutor and ardent admirer. Buchanan's loyalty ended with the murder of Mary's cousin and husband Lord Darnley, and her hasty marriage to the Earl of Bothwell; he testified at her trial in London, where the notorious "casket letters" were produced as implicating Mary in Darnley's murder.

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STC 3978; Scott, Mary Queen of Scots, 75; CBEL I, 2442

Reinstituting English Catholicism under Mary Tudor

Watson, Thomas (1513-84)
Holsome and catholyke doctryne concernynge the seuen Sacramentes of Chrystes Church, expedient to be knowen of al men, sette forth in maner of shorte sermons to bee made to the people, by the reuerende father in God, Thomas bishoppe of Lincolne. anno. 1558. Mense Februarij.

London: in ædibus Roberti Caly, typographi, [really J. Kingston, Feb. 1558

$8,500.00

Quarto: 18.1 x 13.2 cm. [ ]2, A-X8

An interesting, pirated edition of these thirty sermons by Thomas Watson, Bishop of Lincoln from 1556-58. Robert Caly printed the true first edition in February 1558.

Thomas Watson, an ardent catholic and disciple of Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, resisted and preached against Protestant reforms during the protectorate of Edward VI. He narrowly avoided prosecution for treason and, as Gardiner’s chaplain, was imprisoned with him in the Fleet from 1550-1551.

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STC 25113

Defining the Nature and Form of the English Church

Whitgift, John, Archbishop of Canterbury (1530?-1604)
The Defense of the Aunsvvere to the Admonition, against the Replie of T.C. By Iohn VVhitgift Doctor of Diuinitie. In the beginning are added these. 4. tables. 1 Of dangerous doctrines in the replie. 2 Of falsifications and vntruthes. 3 Of matters handled at large. 4 A table generall.

London: Henry Binneman, for Humfrey Toye, 1574

$4,200.00

Folio: 27.1 x 18.9 cm. [24], 812, [12] p. a4, b8, A-Z6, Aa-Zz6, Aaa-Xxx6, Yyy4, Aaaa6

SECOND EDITION, printed in the year of the first, of the future Archbishop of Canterbury's reply to Thomas Cartwright's defence against Whitgift's “An Answere to a Certen Libel”, 1572.

“The ‘Admonition to the Parliament’(1572), an appeal to the public in the guise of

a letter to parliament, was the most outspoken protestant criticism of the Elizabethan settlement to appear by that date, and divided the puritans themselves.

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STC (2nd ed.), 25430.5

John Knox & The English Marian Exiles

Whittingham, William (d. 1579); Knox, John (ca. 1514-1572), et al.
A brieff discours off the troubles begonne at Franckford in Germany Anno Domini 1554. Abowte the booke off off [sic] common prayer and ceremonies, and continued by the Englishe men theyre/ to thende off Q. Maries raigne, in the which discours, the gentle reader shall see the very originall and beginninge off all the contention that hathe byn, and what was the cause off the same

[Heidelberg: Printed by M. Schirat], 1575

$6,900.00

Quarto: 16.6 x 12.5 cm. [2], CV, CX-CCXV, [3] p. Collation: Signatures: A-N4, O2, P-Z4, Aa-Cc⁴, Dd6. (lacking blank Dd6)

An important account, largely composed of contemporary documents, of the English Protestant exiles who fled to Europe during the reign of Mary Tudor. The work includes correspondence from 1554 to 1559 between the various groups of English exiles resident in Europe, especially those in Frankfurt and Strasbourg, whose number included John Knox, John Foxe, and John Bale; with other letters to and from continental reformers (most prominently, John Calvin at Geneva.

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ESTC S119880; STC (2nd ed.), 25443