Early Modern Women

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A "distinctly theatrical text" by the most celebrated actress of the commedia dell'arte

Andreini, Isabella (1562-1604)
Lettere Della Signora Isabella Andreini Padovana, Comica Gelosa, [et] Academica Intenta, nominata l'Accesa. Aggiuntovi di nuovo li Ragionamenti Piacevoli dell'istessa. Con due Tauole vna delle Lettere, e l'altra de' Ragionamenti, che nell'Opera si contengono. Di nuovo ristampate, & con ogni diligenza ricorrette. [With:] Fragmenti.

Venice: Presso Gio. Battista Combi, 1638

$3,600.00

Octavo: 14.2 x 9.5 cm. Two parts in one: [24], 455, [3] pp. Collation: †8, †4, A-Z8, Aa-Ee8, Ff4. (In signature †4 the first leaf is signed “†5” and the 4th leaf has the orphaned catchword “histria”, an error of the compositor, explained by the re-setting of the type from Combi’s 1627 edition to correct omissions in his 1634 edition.)

The first edition of Isabella Andreini's collection of letters appeared in 1607, four years after the author's death, edited by her husband, Francesco. In 1617, with the assistance of Flaminio Scala, Francesco published the "Fragmenti". For a discussion of both works, see below.

"Born in Padua to Venetian parents in 1562, Isabella Andreini (née Canali) would become the most celebrated commedia dell'arte actress of her century by the time of her death in 1604.

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An Illuminated Parisian Book of Hours Printed on Vellum

BOOK OF HOURS
Hore dive virginis Marie, secundum usum Romanorum, cum aliis multis, folio sequenti notatis, una cum figuris Apocalipsis, et multis figuris Biblie insertis [With a calendar for 1513-1527]

Paris: Gilles Hardouyn for Germain Hardouyn, 9 August, 1514

$26,000.00

Octavo: Printed on vellum.. 16.2 x 10.5 cm. 112 lvs. Collation: A-O8. Complete

Printed at Paris by Gilles Hardouyn (?1455-?1529) for his brother Germain Hardouyn (d. 1541) at his printshop at the sign of the golden rose near the Pont Notre-Dame. The illustrations were probably produced in the workshop of the Parisian artist Jean Pichore (fl.

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Lacombe, Livres d'heures imprimés au XVe et XVIe siècle conservés dans les bibliothèques publiques de Paris, catalogue, no 251 (p. 146); Renouard, ICP, II, 865; Bohatta, 959; Van Praet, I, n° 116 and 132; Brunet 243; Renouard, Les marques typographiques parisiennes des XVe et XVIe siècles, 429 and 431. Another velum copy is held at the Bibliothèque Genève Switzerland.

The Sole Edition of Brathwait’s Satire on the Vices of Women

Brathwait, Richard (1588?-1673)
Ar’t asleepe husband? A boulster lecture; stored with all variety of witty jeasts, merry tales, and other pleasant passages; extracted, from the choicest flowers of philosophy, poesy, antient and moderne history. Illustrated with examples of incomparable constancy, in the excellent history of Philocles and Doriclea. By Philogenes Panedonius

London: Printed by R. Bishop, for R[ichard]. B[est]. or his assignes, 1640

$9,600.00

17 x 11 cm. [48], 318, [8] p., [1] leaf of plates Collation: [A]1, a-c⁸, B-X⁸ (with blank X8), Y⁴

This copy conforms with Pforzheimer and lacks the bifolium “Postscript” (Z1-2) “Apparently supplementary and frequently wanting”(Grolier). It is found only in the Huntington and Harmsworth (Folger) copies in the U.S. Quire Y contains the poems "Menippus his Madrigall, to his coy-duck Clarabel” and “Loves Festivall at Lusts Funerall”.

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STC 3555; Pforzheimer, 76; Grolier, Wither to Prior 86

The Scandalous Life of Elizabeth Chudleigh

Chudleigh, Elizabeth (c. 1720-1788)
An Authentic Detail of Particulars relative to the Late Duchess of Kingston.

London: Printed for G. Kearsley, at Johnson’s Head, No. 46, Fleet-Street, 1788

$3,800.00

Octavo: 21 x 13 cm. pp. [ii], ii, 178, [18]. Collation: [A]2, B-Z4, A1. With an added engraved frontispiece of the Duchess, with breasts exposed "as she appeared at the Venetian Ambassador

Duchess of Kingston, granddaughter of the poet Mary Chudleigh (1656-1710), from whom “she seemed to have inherited no notable literary tastes or talents”(Rizzo) Elizabeth was notorious for her sexual escapades, daring, and profligacy. She studiously cultivated this image, referring to herself (in the third person) thus: “She was both wasteful and penurious; the most enormous sums were expended to gratify her love of display, at the same time that she refused to incur some trifling necessary expense in her household….

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ESTC T92902

The First Edition. A Fine Copy in a Contemporary Binding

Chudleigh, Mary Lee, Lady (bap. 1656- d. 1710)
Poems on several occasions. Together with The song of the three children paraphras’d. By the Lady Chudleigh

London: printed by W[illiam]. B[owyer]. for Bernard Lintott at the Middle Temple Gate in Fleetstreet, 1703

$15,000.00

Octavo: 19.5 x 12 cm. [16], 125, [17], 73, [1] pp. Collation: A-O8, P4

Mary Chudleigh was a friend of Elizabeth Thomas and an admirer of Mary Astell, with whom she corresponded and whose ‘Defence of the Female Sex’ she tried to emulate. Dedicated to Queen Anne, her ‘Poems on Several Occasions’ was widely noticed, achieving a second edition in 1709. The poems include a wide range of subjects, from lyrics and satires of the age of Dryden, to philosophical and more contemplative verse in keeping with the solitary and often melancholy life that she led in Devon.

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Foxon p. 121; ESTC t97275; Maslen and Lancaster, Bowyer ledgers, D36

The Poems of Vittoria Colonna - The Best Edition

Colonna, Vittoria (1492-1547)
Le rime spirituali della illustrissima signora Vittoria Colonna Marchesana di Pescara. Alle quali di nuouo sono stati aggiunti, oltre quelli non pur dell’altrui stampe, ma ancho della nostra medesima, piu di trenta, ò trentatre Sonetti, no mai piu altroue stampati; un capitolo; et in non pochi luoghi ricorrette, et piu chiaramente distinte

Venice: Vincenzo Valgrisi, 1548

$5,500.00

Quarto: 20 x 15 cm. 120 pp. Collation: A-P4.

The first edition of Colonna's Rime had been printed in Parma by Viotto in 1538 and presented 145 poems of which 9 by other authors. The first Valgrisi edition (the first in 4to format and the first with the title Rime spirituali) had appeared in 1546 and included 180 poems. The important later edition edited by Rinaldo Corso in 1558 has only 158 poems.

The poetic production of Vittoria Colonna comprises two main characters: one profane, which consists of Petrarchan poems celebrating the love for her husband, the Marquis of Pescara Francesco D'Avalos, whom she married in 1509 and who died in battle in 1525; and one sacred, in which the personal pain for the loss of her husband is transfigured and becomes more and more universal up to a point in which it coincides with the pain of Christ on the cross.

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M. Bandini Buti, Poetesse e scrittrici, Rome, 1941, I, pp. 164-171; Gamba, no. 1325 (“più copiosa e meno scorretta”); Edit 16, CNCE12833; A. Erdmann, My Gracious Silence, Lucerne, 1999, p. 211.

The First Edition of Catherine Jemmat's Poems

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE. ALCOHOLISM. Jemmat, Catherine (1714-1766)
Miscellanies, in prose and verse. By Mrs. Catherine Jemmat. Daughter of the late Admiral Yeo, of Plymouth, and Author of her own Memoirs.

London: Printed for the author, 1766

$3,600.00

Quarto: 29 x 22.2 cm. [16], 28 ,33-227, [1]p. Collation: a-d2, B-Z2, Aa-Zz2, Aaa-Lll2

First edition of this collection by the diarist Catherine Jemmat. Jemmat tells us that some of the poems were supplied by friends, and there is as yet no scholarly consensus on which poems may be confidently ascribed to her. Yet a number of the poems and the essays seem to reflect aspects of Jemmat's own difficult life. She suffered physical and emotional abuse at the hands of her father and husband, and was forced to write in order to support herself and her young daughter.

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ESTC T39452

First Edition of Queen Elizabeth’s Visitation Articles

ELIZABETH I, Queen of England (1533-1603)
Articles to be enquyred in the visitation, in the fyrst yeare of the raygne of our moost drad soueraygne Lady, Elizabeth by the grace of God, of Englande Fraunce, and Irelande, Quene, defender of the fayth. &c. Anno 1559

London: Imprinted… in Povles Churcheyarde by Richard Iugge and Iohn Cavvood, Printers to the Quenes Maiestie, 1559

$22,000.00

Quarto: 18 x 13 cm. [14] pp. Collation: A-B4 (lacking blank leaf B4)

With the signature of the 16th c. book collector Humphrey Dyson (1582-1633) at the foot of the title page. The bookplate of Albert Ehrman, with his motto “Pro Viribus Summis Contendo” is affixed to the front pastedown. This was lot 270 in the 1978 sale of Ehrman’s library. Very rare. ESTC locates 4 copies in the U.S.: Folger, Huntington, Harvard, Yale.

First edition of the first visitation articles established for the reformed church after Elizabeth’s accession.

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STC 10118

Sumptuary Laws

LAW. WOMEN. DRESS. FOOD AND DRINK. CONDUCT.
Provisione et ordine sopra le Pompe, & vestire cosi di Donne come de gli Huomini, Apparati di Dote, & Banchetti, Di ordine dell’Ilustriss, & Reverendiss. Monsig. Gio. Battista Castagna Cardinale di San Marcello Legato di Bologna. Publicata in Bologna alli 19. & reiterata alli 23. Di Decembre. M D LXXXIIII.

Bologna: Per Alessandro Benacci, 1584

$2,100.00

Quarto: 22 x 15.5 cm. (8) pages.

First edition of this revision of sumptuary laws regulating dress, dowry and feasts promulgated by Cardinal Gabriele Paleotti in 1568 and revised several times until the end of the century.

The dress code of women attracts particular attention, skirts are meant to be neither too long, nor too short; jewelry is to be worn in moderation.

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Universal STC, no. 865850; R. Campioni, op. cit., p.148; M.G. Muzzarelli, ed., Le legislazioni suntuarie secoli XIII-XVI. Emilia Romagna, Rom, 2002, pp. 42-43; Z. Zanardi, ed., Bononia manifesta. Bandi, editti, costituzioni e provvedimenti diversi stampati nel XVI secolo per Bologna e il suo territorio, (Firenze, 1996), p. 226, no. 1555; R. Campioni, Libri di merlette e disposizioni suntuarie nel secolo XVI: alcune indicazioni per l’Emilia Romagna, in: “Le trame della moda”, A.G. Cavagna & G. Butazzi, eds., Roma, 1995, pp. 125-149, and P. Goretti, La regolamentazione delle apparenze: vesti e orna- menti nella legislazione suntuaria Bolognese del XVI secolo, in: “Schede umanistiche”, 1996, no. 2, pp. 117-137.

Women’s Bodies, Women’s Souls – Lucrezia Marinella’s “The nobility and excellence of women and the defects and vices of Men”

Marinella [also Marinelli], Lucrezia (1571-1653)
La nobilta, et l'eccellenza delle donne, co' diffetti, et mancamenti de gli huomini. Discorso di Lucretia Marinella, in due parti diuiso. Nella prima si manifesta la nobilta delle donne co' forti ragioni, & infiniti essempi ... Nella seconda si conferma co' vere ragioni ... che i diffetti de gli huomini trapassano di gran lunga que' delle donne. Ricorretto, & accresciutto in questa seconda impressione.

Venice: Appresso Gio. Battista Ciotti sanese, all 1601

$5,800.00

Quarto: 19.25 x 15.5 cm. [8], 326, [2] p. Collation: a4, A-V8, X4 (with blank X4)

A fine copy in contemporary parchment over boards, citron label tooled in gold on spine. Contents clean aside from 4 lvs. (G3-6) lightly browned and with early repair to short worm track, obscuring part of two-lines of text.

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See also S. Kolsky, The literary career of Lucrezia Marinella (1571-1653), in: "Rituals, images, and words: varieties of cultural expression in late medieval and early modern Europe", F.W. Kent & Ch. Zika, eds., Turnhout, 2005, pp. 325-342).

Celia Romana's Love Letters – An Untrimmed Copy

Romana, Celia (fl. 1562), pseudonym?
Lettere amorose ... scritte al suo Amante.

Venice: Iacomo Cornetti, 1584

$3,700.00

Octavo: 16.8 x 12 cm. [152] pp. a-i8, k4

The "Love letters written by Lady Celia, Roman gentlewoman, to her lover", constitutes one of the earliest collections of Renaissance Italian women's letters, one of the few collections addressed entirely to one recipient, and possibly "the most popular woman's letter book of the Renaissance.

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Erdmann, My Gracious Silence, p. 210; On authorship and contents: L. Matt, ‘Lettere “mal corrette” ma “scritte di cuore”: lingua e stile dell’epistolario amoroso di Celia Ro- mana’, in La comunicazione letteraria degli Italiani, ed. by D. Manca and G. Piroddi, Sassari 2017, pp. 129-148.

Celia Romana's Love Letters

Romana, Celia (fl. 1562), pseudonym?
Lettere amorose ... scritte al suo Amante.

Venice: [Francesco Rampazetto for] Antonio degli Antoni, 1562

$6,500.00

Octavo: [152] pp.

First edition of "Love letters written by Lady Celia, Roman gentlewoman, to her lover", one of the earliest collections of Renaissance Italian women's letters, one of the few collections addressed entirely to one recipient, and possibly "the most popular woman's letter book of the Renaissance.

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Erdmann, My Gracious Silence, p. 210; Index Aureliensis VII, p. 262. BMSTC 164. Gay II, 795 (later eds). On authorship and contents: L. Matt, ‘Lettere “mal corrette” ma “scritte di cuore”: lingua e stile dell’epistolario amoroso di Celia Ro- mana’, in La comunicazione letteraria degli Italiani, ed. by D. Manca and G. Piroddi, Sassari 2017, pp. 129-148.

The First Printing of Two Attacks on Mary, Queen of Scots

STUART, MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS (1542-1587). Buchanan, George (1506-1582)
De Maria Scotorum Regina, totaque eius contra Regem coniuratione, foedo cum Bothuelio adulterio, nefaria in maritum crudelitate & rabie, horrendo insuper & deterrimo eiusdem parricidio: plena, & tragica planè historia.

N.p. but London: John Day, no date but 1571

$7,500.00

Octavo: 14.2 x 8.8 cm. (2), 144, (4) pp. Collation: A-Q4

First edition of this famous denunciation of Mary, Queen of Scots, by the eminent scholar who had at one time been her tutor and ardent admirer. Buchanan's loyalty ended with the murder of Mary's cousin and husband Lord Darnley, and her hasty marriage to the Earl of Bothwell; he testified at her trial in London, where the notorious "casket letters" were produced as implicating Mary in Darnley's murder.

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STC 3978; Scott, Mary Queen of Scots, 75; CBEL I, 2442

“Free Will, Bestowed on Men and Women Alike” - A Nun on the Plight of Women Religious

Tarabotti, Arcangela (1604-1652)
La semplicità ingannata. Di Galerana Baratotti.

Leiden: Gio. Sambix [i.e. Johannes and Daniel Elzevier], 1654

$9,500.00

Duodecimo: 12.7 x 7 cm. (24), 307, 1 blank pp. Collation: [†]12, A-N12 (N11-12 blank)

This is the rare first edition of this polemic against paternal authority by the Benedictine nun Arcangela Tarabotti. In this work, originally titled “Tirannia paterna”, Tarabotti speaks against the injustice of the forced monachation of girls and women, arguing that “La divotion forzata/ Al signore non è grata” (Forced devotion to God is not freely given.

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Willems, Les Elzevier, Nieuwkoop, 1974, p. 183, nr. 740; Berghman 1226; Rahir 744; Copinger 201. See Panizza-S. Wood, A History of Women’s Writing in Italy, Cambridge, 2000, p. 332

Defending Women against Misogyny - The Rare First Edition of Arcangela Tarabotti’s ‘Antisatire’

Tarabotti, Arcangela (1604-1652); Buoninsegni, Francesco (ca. 1600- after 1655)
Contro’l lusso donnesco, Satira Menippea del sig. Fran. Buoninsegni. Con l’antisatira D. A. T. in risposta. [Divisional title: Antisatira d. A. T. in risposta al Lusso Donnesco Satira Menippea del Sign. Fran. Buoninsegni. Dedicata all’Altezza Sereniss. Di Vittoria Medici della Rovere Gran Duchessa di Toscana.

Venice: Francesco Valvasense, 1644

$6,900.00

Duodecimo: 13.8 x 7.4 cm. 227, [1] p. Collation: A-I12, K6

Arcangela Tarabotti’s celebrated response to (and printed together with the original text of) Buoninsegni’s misogynistic satire “Against the vanities of Women”. Tarabotti’s “Anti-satire” is not only a “defense of women’s fashions and a denunciation of men, their clothes, and their hair styles but also a strong condemnation of men’s treatment of women and, in general, of the subordination of women in society.

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Catalogo unico, IT\ICCU\CFIE\003823 (variant A); S.P. Michel, Répertoire des ouvrages imprimés en langue italienne au XVIIe siècle conservés dans les bibliothèques de France, VIII, p. 18; Libreria Vinciana, Autori italiani del ‘600, nr. 93; Melzi, Dizionario di opere anonime e pseudonime, I, p. 69. Literature: N. Canepa, Francesco Buoninsegni and Suor Arcangela Tarabotti. Satira e Antisatira, in: “Italica- Bulletin of the American Association of Teachers of Italian”, vol. 81, no. 3, 2004, pp. 431-432; D. De Bellis, Attacking Sumptury Laws in Seicento Venice: Arcangela Tarabotti, in: “Women in Italian Renaissance Culture and Society”, L. Panizza, editor, p. 229-244; Weaver, “Antisatire: In Defence of Women, Against Francesco Buoninsegni”(2020)

The Autobiography of Saint Teresa of Avila - Commissioned by Ann Worsley for The English Discalced Carmelites in Brussels - Printed by Jan van Meurs

Teresa, Saint, of Avila (1515-1582); Matthew, Tobie (1577-1655), translator
The flaming hart or The life of the glorious S. Teresa, foundresse of the reformation, of the order of the All-Immaculate Virgin-Mother, our B. Lady, of Mount-Carmel. This history of her life, vvas vvritten by the Saint her selfe, in Spanish; and is nevvly, novv, translated into English, in the yeare of our Lord God, 1642

Antwerp: printed by Iohannes Meursius (Jan van Meurs), 1642

$5,500.00

Octavo: 15.4 x 10 cm. [72], 660, [10] p. Collation: *-****8, *****4, A-Z8, Aa-Ss8, Tt8 (Tt8 blank)

First edition of Tobie Matthew’s translation of St. Teresa of Avila’s spiritual autobiography. Matthew undertook the translation at the behest of Anne Worsley (1588-1644) (Anne of the Ascension in religion), Mother Superior of the English Carmelites at Antwerp. The text was designed to replace a faulty translation of 1611. As Matthew explains in his preface, the earlier translator “seemed to have lost a little of the puritie of his owne Englishe tongue” but “not to have acquired enough of the Spanish”, and so a new text was called for (Allison and Rogers, 2.

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Clancy, T.H. English Catholic Books 1641-1700, no. 941; Wing T753. Literature: Vander Motten and Daemon-De Gelder, “A Cloistered Entrepôt, Sir Tobie Matthew and the English Carmel at Antwerp”.

The Conjoined Twins of Biddenden

THE BIDDENDEN MAIDS. Chulkhurt, Eliza and Mary (1100-1134)
A short and concise account of Eliza & Mary Chulkhurst, who were borned joined together by the hips and shoulders, in the year of our Lord, 1100, at Biddenden, in the County of Kent, commonly called The Biddenden Maids.

Tenterden: [J.S.] Thomson, Printer, circa 1808

$1,800.00

Broadside: 34 x 20 cm.

Apparently the product of folklore, the Biddenden maids, Elisa and Mary Chulkhurst (1100-1134), were conjoined twins, named after their hometown of Biddenden, in Kent, England. They are said to have lived for 34 years joined at their hips and shoulders until they died, six hours apart.

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Love, Intimacy & Women’s Sexuality

Tullia d'Aragona (c. 1510–1556)
Dialogo della signora Tullia d'Aragona della infinità di amore.

Venice: Gabriel Giolito de Farrari, 1547

$7,500.00

Octavo: 15.25 x 9.5 cm. 79, [1] leaves A-V4 (final leaf blank, present)

This is the rare first edition of “Dialogue on the Infinity of Love” (1547), Tullia d’Aragona’s philosophy of the complexity of love in all its aspects: sexual, spiritual, emotional, and intellectual. In her “Dialogue”, Aragona “gives a moral foundation to sexuality and implicitly offers a philosophical base for a positive evaluation of womanhood.”(Russell) An accomplished poet and philosophical thinker, Tullia d’Aragona was also one of the most famous courtesans of her age.

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Adams A-1501; Salvatore Bongi, “Annali di Gabriel Giolito de Ferrari da Trino di Monferrato stampatore in Venezia.” (Roma: 1890-95) p. 199

A New “Hammer of Witches” for the 17th Century - An Excellent Copy

WITCHCRAFT. Del Rio, Martin Antoine, S.J. (1551-1608)
Disquisitionum Magicarum Libri Sex, Quibus Continentur Accurata Curiosarum Artium et vanarum superstitionum confutatio, utilis Theologis, Jurisconsultis, Medicis, Philologis. Autore Martino Del-Rio Societ. Iesu Presbyt. LL. Licent. et Theol. Doct. olim in Academia Graetcensi, et Salmanticensi, publico S. Script. Professore. Prodit Opus ultimis curis longe accuratius ac castigatius. Superiorum Permissu et Licentia.

Cologne: Sumptibus Hermanni Demen, 1679

$2,900.00

Quarto: 21 x 17.5 cm. [14], 1221 (recte 1107), [48] p. Collation: *4, **4, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, Aaa-Zzz4, Aaaa-Zzzz4, Aaaaa-Zzzzz4, Aaaaaa-Zzzzzz4, Aaaaaaa-Fffffff4, Ggggggg2

The Jesuit jurist Martín del Rio’s “Disquisitionum Magicarum Libri Sex” (Six Books of Disquisitions on Witches) was written about 1596 and first published in 1599. The book had enormous impact and was consulted and cited for over a century. Much in the book is understandably frightening. Vague guidance is given for determining if a person has made a pact with the devil, and the methods recommended for extracting confessions from accused sorcerers and witches are horrifying.

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Faber du Four 1243. Graesse, Magica et Pneumatica, p. 47. Rosenthal 2903. VD 17 23:250512Y; Palau 268.284; de Backer-Sommervogel II, 1900

Weak Women: Powerful Witches - The Malleus Maleficarum

WITCHCRAFT. Institor, Henricus (c.1430-1505); Sprenger, Jacobus (c.1436-1495)
Malleus maleficarum.

Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 17 January 1496

$42,500.00

Chancery quarto: 20.3 x 15 cm. 20.3 x 15 cm. 160 leaves (including final blank.) Collation: A-V8

The most important and most sinister work on demonology ever written. It crystallized into a fiercely stringent code previous folklore about black magic with church dogma on heresy, and, if any one work could, opened the floodgates of the inquisitorial hysteria [... it was] the source, inspiration, and quarry for all subsequent treatises on witchcraft" (Robbins, Encyclopedia of Witchcraft and Demonology).

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ISTC ii00168000; Goff I-168; H 9246*; Klebs 926.6; BMC II, 441; BSB-Ink I-229; See Coumont, Demonology and Witchcraft : an annotated bibliography : with related works on magic, medicine, superstition, &c.